The Role of Philanthropy in Postwar US-Japan Relations | 2004 Tokyo Workshop

October 4–5, 2004

Nearly 100 leaders from the fields of civil society, philanthropy, and government gathered at a major conference in Tokyo on October 4–5, 2004, to review the contributions of American and Japanese philanthropy to US-Japan relations after the devastation of World War II and draw contemporary lessons from this experience. The conference, entitled “Lessons in Rebuilding Relations between Nations: The Role of Philanthropy and Civil Society in Postwar US-Japan Relations, 1945–1975,” was the culmination of a series of workshops designed to enlist feedback for the project researchers and help promote discussion of their findings. It featured keynote speeches from Susan Berresford, president of the Ford Foundation, and Sadako Ogata, President of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). The papers presented at the conference have been revised and compiled for publication in 2006.

October 4

Session 1 – “Historical Overview—The Impact of Philanthropy and Civil Society in the Reestablishing, Sustaining and Developing Postwar U.S.-Japan Relations”


  • Tadashi Yamamoto
  • Makoto Iokibe, Professor, Kobe University
  • Akira Iriye, Professor, Harvard University
  • Masato Kimura, Professor, Bunkyo Gakuin University
  • JCIE research team

Session 2 – (1) “The Role of Philanthropy and Civil Society in Relations among States—Lessons from the Past”


  • Susan Berresford, President, Ford Foundation

(2) “The Role of Philanthropy and Civil Society in Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Reconciliation”


  • Sadako Ogata, President, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), former United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees


  • Peter Geithner, former Director, Asia Programs, Ford Foundation
  • Charles Morrison, President, East-West Center
  • Hideaki Asahi, Ambassador of Japan to Timor-Leste


October 5

Session 3 – “Investing in the Future—The Role of Philanthropy and Civil Society in Building Sustainable Relations between Nations”


  • Frank Ellsworth, President, Japan Society
  • Yoichi Funabashi, Columnist, Asahi Shimbun
  • Kazuo Ogura, President, Japan Foundation
  • Hideaki AsahiJapanese Ambassador to Timor-Leste
  • Kimberly Gould AshizawaSenior Associate, Japan Center for International Exchange (JCIE/USA)
  • Susan BerresfordPresident, The Ford Foundation
  • Junichi ChanoDirector of the Intellectual Exchange Division, The Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership
  • Junko ChanoProgram Officer, The Sasakawa Peace Foundation
  • Mark J. DavidsonCultural Affairs Officer, U.S. Embassy Tokyo
  • Masayuki DeguchiProfessor, Minpaku, Graduate University for Advanced Studies
  • Frank EllsworthPresident, Japan Society, New York
  • Carolyn FleisherProgram Associate, The Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership (New York Office)
  • Shinji FukukawaExecutive Advisor, Dentsu Inc.
  • Akiko FukushimaDirector of Policy Studies and Senior Fellow, National Institute for Research Advancement (NIRA)
  • Glen S. FukushimaCo-President and Representative Director, NCR Japan, Ltd.
  • Yoichi FunabashiSenior Staff Writer and Foreign Affairs Columnist, Asahi Shimbun
  • Makoto FurukawaManager, Ricoh Company Ltd.
  • Yoshitaro FuwaProfessor, Hosei School of Environmental Management, Hosei University
  • James GannonExecutive Director, JCIE/USA
  • Peter GeithnerSenior Consultant, Asia Center, Harvard University; Former Director, Asia Programs, The Ford Foundation
  • Ai GotoIntellectual Exchange Division, The Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership
  • Akio HaradaFormer Attorney General, Public Prosecutors Office
  • Katsuhiro HaradaSenior Staff Writer, The Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  • Masaji HayashiJapan Philanthropic Association
  • Yoko HatakeyamaProgrammer, Tokyo American Center
  • Ryokichi HironoProfessor Emeritos, Seikei University
  • Yoshiteru HorieManaging Director/Acting Secretary General, Association for Aid and Relief, Japan
  • Seitarou HoriuchieExecutive Director, The Japan Foundation Center
  • Andrew HorvatJapan Representative, The Asia Foundation
  • Seiko IharaKeio Law School; Former Program Officer, JCIE
  • Makoto ImadaDirector, Civil Society Research Institute
  • Yoshinori ImaiExecutive Editor, Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK)
  • Katsuji ImataCo-Director, CSO Network Japan
  • Hisashi InaColumnist/Editorial Writer, The Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  • Makoto IokibeProfessor, Kobe University
  • Akira IriyeProfessor, Harvard University
  • Naoki IshiharaManaging Director for Oral History Project, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
  • Hiroo ItoDirector General, Sector Strategy Development Dept., Japan Bank for International Cooperation
  • Misako ItoManaging Director, Information and Resource Center, The Japan Foundation
  • Satoko ItohChief Program Officer, Japan Center for International Exchange
  • Emi IwanagaDirector, Grassroots Exchange Division, The Japan Foundation Center for Global Partnership
  • Takeshi IwasakaLeader, General Affairs Dept., Social Contribution Office, Nipponkoa Insurance Co., Ltd.
  • Keiji IwatakeDirector, Sasakawa Peace Foundation USA (SPF/USA)
  • Motoo KajiTrustee, International House of Japan
  • Norio KanieManaging Director, The Toyota Foundation
  • Sachiko KannoProgram Coordinator, The Japan Foundation Information Research Center
  • Masao KatayamaManaging Director, The Saison Foundation
  • Hideko KatsumataManaging Director and Executive Secretary, JCIE
  • Masato KimuraProfessor, Bunkyo Gakuin University; Director of Research, Shibusawa Ei’ichi Memorial Foundation
  • Sachiko KishimotoExecutive Director, Center for Public Resources Development
  • Akira KojimaSpecial Editorial Advisor, The Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  • Jun’etsu KomatsuManaging Director, Japanese Studies and Intellectual Exchange Dept., The Japan Foundation
  • Yoshihiko KonoExecutive Adviser, The Sasakawa Peace Foundation
  • Akiko KunoExecutive Director, The American-Japan Society, Inc.
  • Kaori KurodaCo-Director, CSO Network Japan
  • Masaaki KusumiProgram Adviser, The Japan Foundation Center
  • Mutsuo MabuchieExecutive Director, Foundation for Advanced Studies on International Development
  • Yoko MakinoPresident, Yoko Makino CPA Firm
  • Ellen MashikoExecutive Director, Scholarship Division, The Tokyo Foundation
  • Shigeo MatsubaraSecretary General, Save the Children Japan
  • Toshihiro MenjuChief Program Officer, Japan Center for International Exchange
  • Morihisa MiyakawaTrustee/Chief Researcher, The Japan Associations of Charitable Organizations (JACO)
  • Tokio MochizukiDeputy Secretary General for Research, Council of Local authorities for International Relations (CLAIR)
  • Charles MorrisonPresident, East-West Center
  • Ken MoskowitzDirector, Tokyo American Center
  • Masaaki NakadaSenior Managing Director, Council of Local authorities for International Relations
  • Keiko NishinoriRepresentative, GLM Institute
  • Chie NohmiaAssistant Manager, External Affairs Dept., Global Business, Hitachi Group Headquarters
  • Akio NomuraDirector, UN Information Center
  • Sadako OgataPresident, The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)
  • Kazuo OguraPresident, The Japan Foundation
  • Midori OkabeAcademic Programme Associate, United Nations University
  • Tatsuo OhtaPresident and CEO, The Japan Association of Charitable Organizations (JACO)
  • Tomoko SekiProgram Officer, Toshiba International Foundation
  • Ken ShibusawaChief Executive Officer, Shibusawa and Company, Inc.
  • Masahide ShibusawaDirector and CEO, Shibusawa Ei’ichi Memorial Foundation
  • Akira ShinoManager, Corporate Citizenship Office, Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.
  • Takafusa ShioyaPresident, National Institute for Research Advancement (NIRA)
  • Kazumi SugimotoDeputy General Manager, P.R., Mizuho Financial Group, Inc.
  • Junko SuzukiEditor in Chief, Toshishuppan publishers/Gaiko Forum
  • Hideya TaidaExecutive Vice President, The Japan Foundation
  • Yoko TakahashiPresident, Japan Philanthropic Association
  • Takeo TakumaVice President and Director, Tokyo Office, United States-Japan Foundation
  • Keiko TamaiSenior Program Officer, The Asia Foundation
  • Hiroshi TanakaExecutive Director, Sompo Japan Foundation
  • Tatsuo TanakaManaging Director, The Association for Promotion of International Cooperation (APIC)
  • Tatsuya TanamiDirector, International Program Department, The Nippon Foundation
  • Keiichi TangoSenior Executive Director, Japan Bank for International Cooperation
  • Jun WadaSenior, Research Associate, JCIE; Professor and Director, Intercultural Communication Institute, Kanda University of International Studies
  • Yoshiko WakayamaGeneral Manager, The Toyota Foundation
  • Gen WatanabeProgram Director, Civil Society Initiative Fund
  • Koji WatanabeSenior Fellow, JCIE; Executive Advisor, Nippon Keidanren
  • Takashi WatanabePresident and Managing Director, Toshiba International Foundation
  • Katsuyuki YakushijieEditorial Writer, Asahi Shimbun
  • Tadashi YamamotoPresident, JCIE
  • Naoto YamauchiProfessor, Osaka School of International Public Policy, Osaka University