STRENGTHENING NONGOVERNMENTAL CONTRIBUTIONS TO REGIONAL SECURITY COOPERATION
In thinking about how to build security cooperation in Asia, experts have tended to focus almost exclusively on how states interact. However, evidence from around the world points to the fact that nongovernmental actors, particularly civil society organizations, are playing a growing role on security issues. This implies that they have important contributions to make in helping build regional cooperation and in complementing and strengthening like-minded governmental initiatives. JCIE conducted a study to explore how such nongovernmental initiatives can concretely contribute to regional security cooperation in East Asia.
STUDY TEAM 1: The Role of NGOs in Regional Security
From 2010 to 2014, a team of mid-career experts assessed what civil society organizations and networks are currently doing that contributes to regional security. The team carried out case studies in the fields of global health, disaster relief, human trafficking, piracy, and climate change to identify how civil society is contributing to efforts in regional cooperation in the fields of both traditional and nontraditional security.
STUDY TEAM 2: The Movement of People in East Asia and the Role of Civil Society
According to the UN’s International Migration Report 2013, migration within Asia grew by an average of 1.5 million migrants per year, with approximately 54 million people migrating from one Asian nation to another in 2013 for tourism, study, work, or marriage. While both economic and noneconomic activities motivate migration in Asia, there are numerous restrictions on immigration in each country and little binational or regional cooperation to date to address the relevant issues. Migrant workers, foreign spouses, and undocumented immigrants incur an enormous cost to overcome immigration restrictions, and are also excluded from various legal rights, placing them in a vulnerable position. As economic globalization and regional community building progress in East Asia, migration will continue to increase. The region’s nations must work together to address the challenges posed by international migration.
In 2014–2015, researchers from Japan, Korea, China, Singapore, Indonesia, Myanmar, the Philippines, and Vietnam analyzed migration in their respective countries and investigated what kind of regional cooperation and networks would serve to build a safe and orderly immigration system in East Asia. In addition to quantitative research, they conducted qualitative research on how civil society within each country is addressing these challenges.
HAN SUNG-JOO, Chairman, Asan Institute for Policy Studies
CHARLES MORRISON, President, East-West Center
JUSUF WANANDI, Vice Chairman, Board of Trustees, Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Jakarta
WANG JISI, Dean, School of International Studies, Peking University
JAMES GANNON, Executive Director, JCIE/USA
TOMOKO SUZUKI, Program Officer, JCIE
Conceptualization of Security
Executive Director, Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), Jakarta [Team Director]
Associate Professor, Peking University
Executive Director, JCIE/USA
Associate Professor and Director of the Center for Global Health Studies, John C. Whitehead School of Diplomacy and International Relations, Seton Hall University
Disaster Relief and Humanitarian Assistance
Chairperson, Japan Platform; President, Association for Aid and Relief, Japan
Associate Professor, Ritsumeikan University
Independent Analyst; former Director of Research, Maritime Institute of Malaysia
Climate Change and Energy
Associate Professor, Korea University
Associate Professor, Head of Centre for Non-Traditional Security Studies, S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies (RSIS), Nanyang Technological University (Singapore) [Team Director]
Managing Director and Chief Program Officer, JCIE (Japan) [Team Director]
Lecturer, Dept. of International Relations, University of Indonesia
LE BACH DUONG
Co-Director, Institute for Social Development Studies
Professor, Beijing Normal University (China)
Director of Operations, JCIE/USA
Program Associate, JCIE, Researcher, Institute of Comparative Economic Studies, Hosei University
Senior Research Fellow, Lee Kuan Yew School of Policy
JORGE V. TIGNO
Associate Professor and Department Chair, Dept. of Political Science, University of Philippines
ISEAS Fellow and Lead Researcher, Socio-Cultural Affairs of the ASEAN Studies Centre
Policy Briefs (Published by the East-West Center)
- Learning to Love NGOs: The Growing Role of Civil Society in Asian Security—James Gannon
- Rebalancing NGO Contributions to Public Health in Asia—Yanzhong Huang
- NGOs, Piracy and Maritime Crime in Southeast Asia—JN Mak
Study Team 1 was carried out in cooperation with CSIS Jakarta.
Study Team 2 was carried out in cooperation with the S. Rajaratnam School of International Studies of Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.
On June 1, 2015, JCIE held a symposium in Tokyo to share the findings of a multinational case study project on The Movement of People in East Asia and the Role of Civil Society.
Symposium | Managing Movements of People for Security and Prosperity in East Asia: Roles of Civil Society
A multinational group of researchers met in Tokyo as part of a JCIE project on the Movement of People in East Asia and the Role of Civil Society, which was supported by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.
On August 4, 2010, the Japan Center for International Exchange (JCIE) and the Centre for Strategic and International Studies co-sponsored a roundtable in Jakarta as part of JCIE’s study of “Nongovernmental Contributions to Regional Security Cooperation.”
On January 18–19, 2010, the participants gathered in Tokyo for a workshop to discuss initial findings of a project examining (1) the roles of civil society in enhancing regional security cooperation, (2) common features of the roles of civil society beyond the issue areas, and (3) key factors for successes of civil society activities contributing to regional security cooperation.