THE CIVIL SOCIETY SECTOR AND NGO ACTIVITIES IN ASIA AND EUROPE
There is a growing awareness worldwide that NGOs are becoming indispensable actors in the governance of societies around the world, and that they play a vital role both at the domestic and international levels. The Japan Institute for Social and Economic Affairs (Keizai Koho Center) and JCIE, recognizing the need for healthy partnerships between the business and civil society sectors, especially in countries where Japanese corporations operate, launched a survey of NGOs designed to contribute to the building of sound cross-sectoral partnerships. Five member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)—Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand—and two European countries—the United Kingdom and Germany—were selected as target countries because they play host to extensive networks of Japanese business operations. A series of surveys were conducted in Asia, focusing on NGOs in the fields of the environment and education, and in Europe on NGOs in the fields of the environment and corporate social responsibility.