Migration & Demographic Challenges

Demography and globalization are reshaping Asia. Japan has the most rapidly aging society of any major country, and the way it is adapting to this shift offers lessons for others around the world. Asia Pacific countries’ reactions to the growing movement of people are also driving important changes in the region. In response, JCIE undertakes various projects that promote the sharing of knowledge and experience to help countries tackle the challenges facing aging societies.  We also examine how Japan can adopt a sound immigration policy that encourages a more welcoming, multicultural society.


Related Activities

Why Oral Health Matters for an Aging Asia—Addressing Oral Health in the Context of Healthy Longevity

September 7, 2021 | Online

JCIE and the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA) co-hosted a webinar on the importance of oral health when it comes to healthy longevity.

1st General Meeting for the Humanitarian Aid to Marginalized Immigrants (HAMIS) Project

August 3, 2021 | Online

The first General Meeting of the Humanitarian Aid for Marginalized Immigrants (HAMIS) took place, a project launched by JCIE in partnership with the Japan Platform (JPF) to provide grants utilizing fu…

Webinar | Building Dementia-Friendly Communities in Asia Pacific

March 24, 2021 | Online

As we face an era of global aging, the number of people living with dementia is projected to double by 2040, and the majority will be living in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Such regions h…

Sumitomo Corporation Receives Award for Its Charitable Work with JCIE for Foreign Youths in Japan

February 24, 2021 | Online

As part of Sumitomo Corporation’s “100SEED” campaign, it has been partnering with JCIE, having employees volunteer their time and know-how to NPOs that have been selected under our Supporting Youths o…

3rd Roundtable on Japan's Migration Policy FY2020

December 16, 2020 | Online

The third Roundtable on Japan’s Migration Policy held in FY2020 took place as a hybrid meeting and featured an active discussion on issues related to the livelihoods and education of foreign residents…

Researchers Meeting | The Impact of COVID-19 on the Cross-Border Movement of the Long-Term Care Workforce

November 24, 2020 | Online

Capitalizing on this year’s gathering in Japan of health ministers and government officials for the G20 Health Ministers’ Meeting, JCIE worked with the Government of Japan and ERIA to co-organize the…

JCIE Partners with Sumitomo Corporation to Support Diverse Roots, Inclusive Society Initiative

October 31, 2020 | Japan

Sumitomo Corporation has announced that they will partner with JCIE on the Supporting Youths of Diverse Roots and an Inclusive Society (SYDRIS) Initiative , which was launched earlier this year in Jap…

2nd Roundtable on Japan’s Migration Policy FY2020

September 16, 2020 | Online

The 2nd Roundtable on Japan’s Migration Policy held in FY2020, which focused on the theme of “The Impact of COVID-19 on Employment and the Daily Lives of Foreign Residents Living in Japan.”

Winners of 1st Healthy Aging Prize for Asian Innovation Announced

July 31, 2020 | Online

The winners of the inaugural Healthy Aging Prize for Asian Innovation were presented in a Livestream event hosted by JCIE and ERIA.

1st Roundtable on Japan's Migration Policy FY2020

May 21, 2020 | Online

The first in JCIE’s rountables on Japan’s Migration Policy for 2020, which focused on the subject of the impact of COVID-19 on foreign residents living in Japan

JCIE Announces Grantees for Supporting Youths of Diverse Roots and an Inclusive Society Program

May 7, 2020 | Tokyo

In the hopes of opening the doors to a brighter future for young people of foreign origins who are living in Japan, JCIE has launched a major grant program, Supporting Youths of Diverse Roots and an I…

New Award Launched for Asian Innovations in Aging

January 8, 2020 | Asia

JCIE, together with the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia, launched a new award program to recognize innovative approaches in Asia to the various challenges facing aging populations…

2019 US Young Political Leaders Delegation to Japan

November 16–26, 2019 | Tokyo, Kochi, Aichi

A bipartisan delegation of six state and local-level US political leaders visited Tokyo, Kochi Prefecture, and Aichi Prefecture for a series of meetings and roundtables with a variety of policymakers,…

Welcoming Foreign Workers and Japan's Future | Fukuoka Symposium

November 26, 2019 | Fukuoka, Japan

JCIE’s Roundtable on Japan’s Migration Policy held an outreach symposium in Fukuoka to discuss topics their recommendations and seek input on immigration-related issues in Japan.

Listening to the Views of Migrants—Japanese and Korean Societies Living with Migrants

November 12, 2019 | Tokyo, Kochi, Aichi

A diverse group of experts on immigration and representatives from the immigrant communities of both Japan and Korea gathered for this symposium to share the lessons of the Japan–South Korea Immigrati…


Japan Looks to Accept More Foreigners in Key Policy Shift

Reporting by Ami Miyazaki and Kantaro Komiya, Writing by Chang-Ran Kim

November 18, 2021

Toshihiro Menju, managing director of JCIE/Japan, comments on Japan’s need to welcome foreign workers as it grapples with demographic change in this Reuter’s article.

Leveraging Technology for the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing: Experiences of China, Japan and the Republic of Korea

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)

May 2021

DOWNLOAD THE REPORT As part of our program on Aging in Asia,  three  JCIE staff members contributed case studies to a report developed by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and…

AHWIN Papers No. 2: The Impact and Future of Japan’s 8020 Campaign

Dr. Midori Tsuneishi and Dr. Tamotsu Sato

April 2021

The second publication in the “AHWIN Papers” series covers Japan’s nationwide campaign to help people retain more teeth into their later years, the success of which offers an important model for promo…

AHWIN Papers | Responding to the Needs of Older Persons During a Pandemic

Prepared by Kim Gould Ashizawa and Stephen McHugh

June 2020

The inaugural AHWIN Paper draws on an online panel discussion that explored what policy lessons can be learned from the experiences of the United States, Japan, and Malaysia during the COVID-19 pandem…

Japan May Allow Immigration of Hong Kong Financial Sector, Specialized Workers

Palash Gosh

June 12, 2020

Article on Japan potentially allowing immigration of Hong Kong financial sector workers. Features quotes from Toshihiro Menju, Managing Director and Chief Program Officer at JCIE

Opening the Door to Incoming Workers

Yuko Aizawa

Feb 27, 2019

An analysis of the rise in non-Japanese residents and workers in Japan, including a breakdown of how various nationalities are represented and what sectors they tend to join in the workforce.

Japan’s Historic Immigration Reform: A Work in Progress

Toshihiro Menju

Feb 6, 2019

Toshihiro Menju analyzes the recent, controversial new reforms and their implications for Japanese immigration policy and the future of Japanese society.

Japan Eases Immigration Restrictions to Fill Chronic Care Worker Shortage

Sally Herships

October 18, 2018

In the past, Japan allowed mostly highly skilled professionals in the country. Now, due to severe labor shortages, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has ordered the government to look into new policies that w…

Why Japan Is Paying Single Mothers to Move to the Countryside

Susie Armitage

June 6, 2018

Japan’s population is projected to shrink by a third by 2065. With small towns getting smaller, local governments are looking for creative ways to bring in new people.

In Japan, these Single Moms and Shrinking Cities are Trying a New Start – Together

Susie Armitage

Nov 2, 2017

Susie Armitage writes on the relationship between Japan’s single moms, who face many challenges in Japan’s work culture, and the underpopulated areas that are developing programs to promote relocation…

Accepting Immigrants is the Ultimate Key to Reviving Japan

Toshihiro Menju

October 11, 2017

The Japanese government continues to avoid adopting an immigration policy unpopular with the public as the population continues to decline. While the groundwork for receiving migrants has been laid to…

LBO Focus: Japan’s Aging Population Burnishes Health Deals

Laura Cooper

September 6, 2016

The Japanese government realizes the country lacks a sufficient capacity of nursing homes and senior-care facilities. For the past five years, the government has worked to incentivize the private sect…

There Are More Adult Diapers Sold in Japan Than Baby Diapers

Sally Herships

August 29, 2016

Japan is now arguably the oldest country in the world. It’s not like you couldn’t see it walking around Tokyo or the countryside. But one of the biggest indicators of this shift is that, with declinin…

A Dying Japanese Village Brought Back To Life — By Scarecrows

Ina Jaffe

August 26, 2016

Japan’s population is declining. For example, the rural village of Nagoro used to have around 300 residents. Now it has 30. Visitors know they’ve arrived when they see the three farmers in floppy hats…

For Some Older Adults In Japan, A Chance To Stay In The Workforce

Ina Jaffe

August 25, 2016

Hiromi Yamamuro is doing something that’s relatively rare in Japan. At age 67, he’s still working in the corporate world, where traditionally, the mandatory retirement age has been 60. But Yamamuro ke…